The mechanisms and measurement of conscious experience are among the most fundamental questions in science, with profound philosophical and clinical implications.

However, for the greater part of the 20th century, consciousness was marginalized as unworthy of serious scientific inquiry. Fortunately, we are now past these “dark ages” with an established international community of consciousness researchers, but the field is still in its infancy.

Our History

Work in the Department of Anesthesiology and collaborating departments at the University of Michigan Medical School has resulted in significant advances in the science of consciousness that have been recognized internationally by the medical and scientific community as well as the general public.

Given our dedication to the study of consciousness — and the paucity of centers around the world focused on this central question — in 2014 we developed the Center for Consciousness Science (CCS) at the University of Michigan Medical School. George A. Mashour, MD, PhD, founded the center and served as its first director. 

Our Mission

The mission of the CCS is to advance multidisciplinary research, education, and clinical care as it relates to consciousness. This includes the initiation and support of collaborative scholarship across the medical school, outreach to relevant schools and centers at the University of Michigan and beyond, sponsorship of educational events as well as student involvement in the field, and application of novel techniques to clinical practice. We are passionate about this mission and welcome your involvement in the CCS.

CCS Governance



UnCheol Lee, PhD

Associate Director



Kathy Zelenock

Kathy Zelenock, MEng

Administrative Director